Amphetamine - AMP

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Glossary: Amphetamine - AMP


Amphetamine
AMP

Screening Cut-off: 1,000 ng/ml
DEA Drug Class: Stimulant
Type: Prescription Drug
Trade Names: Adderall, Adderall XR, Benzedrine, Dexedrine, Obetrol
Street Names: Amp, Bennie, Benny, Billy, Black Beauties, Chalk, Crank, Cristal, Dexy, Goey, Ice, Krystal, Louee, Pep Pills, Phets, Speed, Sulph, Uppers, Whizz

Drug Information

Amphetamine (AMP) is a Schedule II controlled substance available by prescription (Dexedrine®) and is also available on the illicit market. Amphetamines are a class of potent sympathomimetic agents with therapeutic applications. They are chemically related to the human body’s natural catecholamines: epinephrine and norepinephrine. Acute higher doses lead to enhanced stimulation of the central nervous system and induce euphoria, alertness, reduced appetite, and a sense of increased energy and power. Cardiovascular responses to Amphetamines include increased blood pressure and cardiac arrhythmias. More acute responses produce anxiety, paranoia, hallucinations, and psychotic behavior. The effects of Amphetamines generally last 2-4 hours following use and the drug has a half-life of 4-24 hours in the body. About 30% of Amphetamines are excreted in the urine in unchanged form, with the remainder as hydroxylated and deaminated derivatives.

Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) Drug Classification and Effects Information

  • Classification/Schedule II: Prescription drugs with high potential for abuse and physical dependency
  • Physical Dependency: Possible
  • Psychological Dependency: High
  • Tolerance: Yes
  • Possible Effects: Increased alertness, excitation, euphoria, increased pulse rate and blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite
  • Effects of Overdose: Agitation, increased body temperature, hallucinations, convulsions, possible death
  • Withdrawal Syndrome: Apathy, long periods of sleep, irritability, depression, disorientation

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