Cocaine - COC

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Glossary: Cocaine - COC


Cocaine
COC

Screening Cut-off: 300 ng/ml
DEA Drug Class: Stimulant
Type: Prescription Drug
Trade Name: Cocaine
Street Names: Blanca, Blow, Bumps, Coca, Coke, Crack, Dust, Flake, Lines, Nieve, Nose Candy, Oolies (Marijuana Laced With Crack), Perico, Powder, Rock, Sneeze, Snow, Snowball (Cocaine & Heroin), Soda, Toot, Tornado (Crack), Upper, Wicky Stick (PCP And Crack)

Drug Information

Cocaine (COC) is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant and a local anesthetic. Initially, it brings about extreme energy and restlessness while gradually resulting in tremors, over-sensitivity and spasms. In large amounts, cocaine causes fever, unresponsiveness, difficulty in breathing and unconsciousness. Cocaine is often self-administered by nasal inhalation, intravenous injection and free-base smoking. It is excreted in the urine in a short time primarily as Benzoylecgonine. Benzoylecgonine, a major metabolite of cocaine, has a longer biological half-life (5-8 hours) than cocaine (0.5-1.5 hours), and can generally be detected for 24-48 hours after cocaine exposure.

Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) Drug Classification and Effects Information

  • Classification/Schedule II: Prescription drugs with high potential for abuse and physical dependency
  • Physical Dependency: Possible
  • Psychological Dependency: High
  • Tolerance: Yes
  • Possible Effects: Increased alertness, excitation, euphoria, increased pulse rate & blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite
  • Effects of Overdose: Agitation, increased body temperature, hallucinations, convulsions, possible death
  • Withdrawal Syndrome: Apathy, long periods of sleep, irritability, depression, disorientation

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